What Are The Different Types of Mergers And Acquisitions?

Mergers and acquisitions are the two common words used in the business and financing world. In this article, we will discuss mergers and acquisitions and how it can affect your business. What is a merger? A merger takes place if two companies decided to join each other for a more profitable business. This simply means that the two companies decided to surrender their own stocks and begin with a new stock as a one company. On the other hand, acquisition pertains to the buying of larger company to a relatively smaller company or those companies that are struggling financially. To save the company from bankruptcy, a large company will acquire the stocks of the struggling company.

If you are going to take a look at the situation, acquisition is not always the best for it benefits only the other party. Although acquisition is agreed by the both parties involved, still there are other hostile choices to consider and that acquisition should only be the last resort. There are instances wherein other available choices are way better than the acquisition.

Let us take a look at mergers

There are various types of mergers and so if you are thinking of merging your company, you should be familiar with the different types of mergers. Merger is actually divided into two major categories known as consolidation merger and purchase merger.

Below are some of the common types of merger

Horizontal merger

This type of merger takes place between two companies with the same level of merger. In other words, the companies sell the same products and they both have the same target market.

Vertical merger

This type of merging refers to the merging of two companies with different product lines. Basically, vertical merging takes place between a manufacturer and a retailer.

Conglomeration merger

This is where two companies with different businesses merge together to achieve a common goal.

Market-extension Merger

This pertains to two companies that offer the same products, but target different markets.

Product-extension Merger

This type of merging refers to two companies that targets the same market, but offers different products.

Key points

Choosing between merger and acquisition is indeed a very serious decision that requires in depth knowledge. Sometimes, it is difficult to distinguish which one to choose. It is a proven fact that big companies prefer to acquire smaller companies rather than merge. However, there are also big companies willing to merge to smaller companies. It actually depends on the deals made by both parties involved. If you are a business owner or a stockholder, you will actually perceive merger and acquisition a big step in expanding your business. With mergers and acquisitions, you will be able to abolish your competitors on the market. However, for the merger and acquisition to be successful you should carry out the process correctly.

Always remember that a good merger and acquisition can make your business even more productive. On the other hand, bad merger and acquisition may work the other way around. If you are going to take a look at the entire process, you will notice that merger and acquisitions are complex and risky process. It has a huge impact on the productivity, shareholder, and business reputation. It is essentially important to use smart strategies when it comes to merger and acquisition because the future of your business is at stake.

Edwin is a business and finance analyst. Edwin served as a mergers and acquisitions advisor for a large marketing firm. Mr. Jones is expert in finance, consultation, and business related issues. When he is not busy with his traditional consulting job, he spends his free time staying in the house and reading business related books.